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OCCUPATIONAL POLYNEUROPATHY. MODERN OUTLOOK OF THE PROBLEM IN RUSSIA AND ABROAD. REVIEW


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Abstract

The article offers an analysis of up-to-date information about the occupational polyneuropathy in domestic and foreign scientific literature. Information search for the occupational polyneuropathy in Russian and foreign scientific literature, analysis of Russian and international approaches to the understanding of this occupational pathology. Review of acceptable scientific Russian and foreign literary sources from the open database PubMed and RSCI (Russian Science Citation Index). In the foreign scientific literature, there are no any mentions about polyneuropathy as an independent occupational pathology. Only items of information about unusual cases in clinical practice are presented. At the same time in Russia, this disease is well known, the criteria of its diagnosis are sufficiently investigated. Russian and foreign researchers point out the specificity of the observed changes in the peripheral nerves of the upper extremities occurring in workers engaged in heavy physical labor. Currently, in Russia, this pathology is diagnosed quite often. Conclusion. Professional polyneuropathy of upper extremities caused by physical overload is a common occupational disease. In Russia it has been studied for a long time, it is often diagnosed, but it is practically unknown abroad. An interdisciplinary approach is necessary for the early detection, treatment of the disease and the removal of workers from contact with physical overload. The successful development of modern occupational pathology depends on the exchange of experience and collected information.


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