OCCUPATIONAL PATHOLOGY AT THE ENTERPRISES OF THE NENETS AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT: RISK FACTORS, STRUCTURE, PREVALENCE
Background. Human labor in the Arctic area is carried out in extreme climatic conditions creating an increased risk of developing health problems, including occupational diseases (OD). The purpose of the study was to investigate the working conditions, the structure and prevalence of OD in the population of the Nenets Autonomous District (NAD), the basis of the which economy is oil and gas production. Material and methods. The data of social and hygienic monitoring in the section “Working conditions and occupational morbidity” of the population of the NAD in 2008-2017 was studied. Results. The most significant harmful production factors at NAD enterprises have been established to be non-ionizing electromagnetic fields and radiations, unfavorable microclimate of workplaces, noise, intensity, and the hardness of the labor process. More than half of all district employees are involved in enterprises with satisfactory working conditions. In the NAD working population, occupational pathology is diagnosed mainly in the flight personnel of civil aviation (88% of cases) in the form of sensorineural hearing loss (96% of cases). The risk of OD development among air transport workers was higher than that of the entire population of the district (RR = 4.42; CI 2.95-6.62) and those employed in oil and gas producing enterprises (RR = 23.2; CI 8.32 - 64.4). Additional occupational health risks associated with the extraction of hydrocarbons in Arctic have not been established. Conclusion. The priority direction in the prevention of occupational pathology (mainly sensorineural hearing loss) should be the reduction of the level of industrial noise among air transport workers.
About the authorsSyurin Sergey A.
Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Available at: http: //orv.gov.ru/Regions/Details/58 (accessed 19 Dec., 2018). (in Russian).
Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Reference Information. Available at: http: //adm-nao.ru/ (accessed 19 Dec., 2018). (in Russian).
Myshinskaya J.M. The influence of climatic and environmental factors on human health in the Far North. Yamalskiy Vestnik. 2016; 7 (2): 79-80. (in Russian).
Khasnulin V.I., Khasnulin P.V. Modern ideas about the mechanisms of formation of northern stress in humans in high latitudes. Ekologiya Cheloveka. 2012; (1): 4 -11. (in Russian).
Chashchin V.P., Dedenko I.I. Labor and human health in the North [Trud i zdorov’e cheloveka na Severe]. Murmansk: Book publishing house; 1990. (in Russian).
Organization of work and application of individual and collective protection equipment for employees working in open areas in the Far North: Guidelines [Organizatsiya rabot i primeneniye sredstv individualnoy i kollektivnoy zashchity rabotayushchikh na otkrytykhploshchadkakh v rayonakh Kraynego Severa: Metodicheskiye rekomendatsii]. Kirovsk, 1986. (in Russian).
Chashchin V.P., Syurin S.А., Gudkov A. B., Popova O.N., Voronin A.Yu. The impact of industrial air pollution on the body of workers performing labor operations in the open air in cold conditions. Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaya Ecologiya. 2014; (9): 20-6. (in Russian).
Gorbanev S.A., Nikanov N.A., Chashchin V.P. Actual problems of occupational medicine in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation. Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaya Ecologiya.2017; (9): 50-1. (in Russian).
Gimranova G.G., Bakirov A.B., Karimova L.K., Beygul N.A., Shaikhlislamova E.R. Factors and indicators of professional risk in oil production. Vestnik RGMU. 2014; (1): 72-5. (in Russian.)
Witter R.Z., Tenney L., Clark S., Newman L.S. Occupational exposures in the oil and gas extraction industry: State of the science and research recommendations. ()American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2014; 57 (7): 847-56. doi: [10.1002/ajim.22316].Available at: https://www.hcn.org/articles/cdc-reports-suspected-oil-and-gas-inhalation-fatalities(accessed 19 Dec., 2018).
Ikonnikova N.V. Morbidity of gas-transport company workers, and measures to reduce it. Meditsina Truda i Promyshlennaya Ecologiya. 2017; (9): 83-4. (in Russian).
Kireev I.R., Murzabaeva E.I., Saidova A.K. Protecting the health of personnel in the oil industry. Vestnik molodogo uchenogo UGNTU. 2016; 8 (4): 127-32. (in Russian).
DotsenkoYu.I., Boyko V.I., Gudinskaya N.I., Mukhamedzyanova R.I. Some aspects of occupational hygiene in the oil and gas industry. Sovremennye Problemy Nauki i Obrazovaniya. 2017; 5. Available at: http://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=26774 (accessed 19 Oct., 2018). (in Russian).
McQuillan K. Hydrocarbon inhalation added to long list of oil & gas perils. Energy and Industry. 2014. Available at: https://www.hcn.org/articles/cdc-reports-suspected-oil-and-gas-inhalation-fatalities (accessed: 16.12.2018).
Manoj Kumar R.M, Karthick R.B, Bhuvaneswari V., Nandhini N. Study on Occupational Health and Diseases in Oil Industry. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2017; 4 (12): 954-958. Available at: https://www.irjet.net/archives/V4/i12/IRJET-V4I12180.
Esswein E.J., Alexander-Scott M., Snawder J., Breitenstein M. Measurement of area and personal breathing zone concentrations of diesel particulate matter during oil and gas extraction operations, including hydraulic fracturing. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene. 2018; 15(1):63-70. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2017.1388512. Available at: ttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/ 29053946
Alekseenko V.D., N.N. Simonova N.N., Zueva T.N. The impact of production factors on the health status of oil production workers in rotational labor organization in the Arctic. Ekologiya Cheloveka. 2009; 5: 47-50. (in Russian).
Korneeva Ya.A., Dubinina N.I., Simonova N.N., Degteva G.N., Fedotov D.M. Risks in the professional activities of rotational workers in the Far North. Byulleten’ VSNTs SO RAMN. 2013; 91 (3): 83-8. (in Russian).
On the state of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population in the Russian Federation in 2017: State report [O sostoyanii sanitarno-epidemiologicheskogo blagopoluchiya naseleniya v Rossiyskoy Federatsii v 2017 godu: Gosudarstvennyy doklad]. Moscow.: Federal’naya sluzhba po nadzoru v sfere zashchity prav potrebiteley i blagopoluchiya cheloveka, 2018. (in Russian).
Russian statistical yearbook [Rossiyskiy statisticheskiy ezhegodnik]. 2012: Statistics digest of Rosstat. Moscow, 2012. (in Russian.)
Labor Expert. Occupational morbidity rates by regions of the Russian Federation and Federal Districts from 2008 to 2013. Available at: http://www.trudcontrol.ru/press/statistics/6457 (accessed 30 Dec., 2018). (In Russian).
Krasulina O. Y. Arctic zone of the Russian Federation: features of natural, economic and demographic resources. Regional’naja ekonomika i upravlenie: Elektronniy nauchniy zhurnal. Available at: https://eee-region.ru/article/4805/ (accessed 20 Aug., 2018). (in Russian).
On the fundamentals of the state policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2020 and beyond [Ob osnovakh gosudarstvennoy politiki RF v Arktike na period do 2020 goda i dal’neyshuyu perspektivu]: Approved by the President of the Russian Federation D. Medvedev. Rossiyskaya gazeta № 4877. 2008. September 18th. (in Russian).
Vereshhagin A.I., Pilishenko V.A., Kurkin D.P., Vinogradov S.A. Working conditions and occupational morbidity of civil aviation pilots. Zdorov`e Naseleniya i Sreda Obitaniya. 2015; 3(264): 11-3. (in Russian).
Kruglikova N.V., Romeyko V.L., Ivleva G.P., Haritonova O.I. Hygienic aspects of occupational neurosensory hearing loss in civil aviation personnel. Medicina Truda i Ekologiya Cheloveka. 2015; (4): 163-5. (in Russian).
Pankova V.B., Skryabina L.Ju., Kas’kov Ju.N. Prevalence and peculiarities of expert decisions in case of professional hearing loss among transport workers (using railway and air transport as an example). Vestnik otorinolaringologii. 2016; 81 (1): 13-8. (in Russian).
Perevezentsev E.A. Features of morbidity and the system of medical care for gas industry workers. Meditsinskiy Al’manakh. 2017; 6: 12-6. DOI: dx.doi.org/10.21145/2499-9954-2017-6-12-16. (in Russian).
Babanov S.A., Budash D.S., Baikova A.G., Baraeva R.A. Periodic medical examinations and occupational selection in industrial medicine. Zdorov’e Naseleniya I Sreda Obitaniya. 2014; 8: 18-21. (in Russian).
Dubinina N.I., Degteva G.N., Korneeva Ya.A. Features of the preliminary and periodic medical examinations of staff in working conditions on a rotational basis on the Arctic shelf. Byulleten’ VSNTC SO RAMN. 2012; 87 (5): 127-30. (in Russian.)
Anttonen H., Pekkarinen A., Niskanen J. Safety at work in cold environments and prevention of cold stress. Industrial Health. 2009; 47 (3): 254-61.
Kue T., Mäkinen T. The health of Arctic populations: Does cold matter? American Journal of Human Biology. 2010; 22: 129-33.
Jussila K., Rissanen S., Aminoff A. et al. Thermal comfort sustained by cold protective clothing in Arctic open-pit mining - a thermal manikin and questionnaire study. Industrial Health. 2017; 55(6): 537-548. doi: 10.2486/indhealth.2017-0154. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5718774/.
- Refbacks are not listed
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.