Article page

HYGIENIC EVALUATION OF ILLUMINATION INDICES AND NON-IONIZING RADIATION AT EDUCATIONAL SITES OF HIGH SCHOOLS


DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/0016-9900-2020-99-2-152-157

Full Text:


Abstract

One of the significant factors affecting the condition of the students’ visual apparatus is an illumination level in the premises of educational organizations. Electromagnetic radiation arising from computers also has an essential influence on a state of health. Taking into account the urgency of this problem, an analysis of illumination indices and EM radiation was made in audiences of higher educational institutions of various profiles (Ufa, the Republic of Bashkortostan). The total number of illumination measurements was 3528. The measurement methods met the requirements of the interstate standard. According to the results of the illumination indices estimation in the studied universities, a significant deviation from the regulated norms was revealed: in 71.5% of the measurements the index was below the norm. It should be noted that indices differed significantly depending on the type of educational organization. The best situation is in the “Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation,” where only 13.3% of the measurements are inconsistent with the normative indices. Pulsation coefficient also was determined. It turned out that 88.8% of the measurements do not correspond to the norm. The analysis of illumination measurements in computer classes was carried out. Only one-fifth of them in the computer table working area in the of the document placement corresponded to SanPin. An anonymous questionnaire was also organized for students from four leading universities in Ufa, the Republic of Bashkortostan. According to respondents’ answers, out of seven students, one was revealed to be suffering from myopia. On the basis of “Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology in the Republic of Bashkortostan”, a study of non-ionizing radiation from video terminals located in computer classes was made. 1145 measurements were made in 20 buildings of four universities studied. It was found out that the intensity of the electrostatic field did not meet the requirements of SanPiN in 5.7% of the measurements. Hygienic assessment of the environment of educational organizations of various profiles revealed a number of significant deviations from the regulated norms. The obtained results testify to the need to monitor the illumination and EMR indices both from the administration of higher education institutions and from teachers. Based on the results of the study, recommendations were prepared for the management of higher educational institutions in Ufa.


Для цитирования: Горбаткова Е.Ю., Зулькарнаев Т.Р., Хуснутдинова З.А., Ахмадуллин У.З., Казак А.А., Ахмадуллина Х.М., Мануйлова Г.Р. Гигиеническая оценка показателей освещённости и неионизирующих излучений учебных помещений вузов. Гигиена и санитария. 2020; 99 (2): 152-157. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/0016-9900-2020-99-2-152-157

For citation: Gorbatkova E.U., Zulkarnaev T.R., Khusnutdinova Z.A., Ahmadullin U.Z., Kazak A.A., Аkhmadullina Kh.М., Manuilova G.R. Hygienic evaluation of illumination indices and non-ionizing radiation at educational sites of high schools. Gigiena i Sanitaria (Hygiene and Sanitation, Russian journal). 2020; 99(2): 152-157. (In Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.33029/0016-9900-2020-99-2-152-157

Refbacks

  • Refbacks are not listed


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN: 0016-9900 (Print)
ISSN: (Online)