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CURRENT CONCEPTS OF ATOPIC DERMATITIS IN CHILDREN: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS


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Abstract

There are presented modern data describing the current understanding of the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD): a genetic predisposition to atopy, disruptions of epidermal barrier integrity and a cascade of immune responses, contributing allergic inflammation in the skin. There are both described several mechanisms of acute and chronic phases of AD, the main directions of pathogenetically substantiated treatment of AD in children and indicated the prospects of new preparations specific blockers of proinflammatory cytokines involved in the development of AD - crisaborole, apremilast, dupilumab, lebrikizumab, tralokinumab, tezepelumab. There is especially presented in details external therapy of atopic skin lesions in children with the use of means of modern dermatological cosmetics.


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