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THE IMPACT OF THE PERSONALITY TYPE OF ADOLESCENTS ON QUALITY INDICES OF THEIR LIFE


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Abstract

Currently, the assessment of the quality of life is one of the most important criteria, describing integral characteristics of the children’s health. The article presents an analysis of the results of the research of the influence of personality type indices on the quality of life. PedsQL was calculated for each child’s physical, emotional, social spheres, as well as school performance and overall score accordingly to the questionnaire data. The study involved 2292 children aged from 13 to 18 years: 1164 girls and 1128 boys. The survey was executed by interviewing teenagers in the Izhevsk schools and 24 regional centers of the Republic of Udmurtia. To determine the type of the person of teenagers there was used an adaptive technique by K. Ung. As a result, 3 groups were formed. The first group was formed by 960 students with a predominance of personality traits of an introvert, the second group included 1258 extrovert cases. The same group of children (n = 74) was allocated among teenagers having symptoms as well extroverts as introverts (group “intro-extrovert”). As a result of the comparison, the quality of life and the type of the person of teenagers were found to be related to each other. According to the values of the “total score”, “social functioning” and “emotional functioning” the most harmonious quality of life indices were identified in children from the mixed group appeared to be a part of the personality of the best qualities of extroverts and introverts.


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