Article page

PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT AND COMPOSITION OF THE BODY OF PREMATURE INFANTS IN THE FIRST YEAR OF LIFE: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE POTENTIALS OF INTRAUTERINE AND POSTNATAL GROWTH


DOI:

Full Text:


Abstract

There are presented data of the analysis of anthropometric indices and body composition in 155 premature infants during the first year of life at the age of full-terms (38-42 weeks post-conceptual age (PCA)) and at the corrected age (CA) of 3, 6, 12 months. The assessment of anthropometric indices was executed using the Fenton and Anthro scales (WHO, 2009); body composition was studied using air plethysmography technique. In premature infants born with a delay in intrauterine development (ZVUR), changes in body weight were established to be depended on the gestational age (GA). For premature infants with GA≥34 weeks, there was typical a significant lag in the rate of body weight increase in comparison with preterm without IUGR, while for less mature children such differences were not revealed. In 3 months of CA, on the contrary, the growth rates in preterm infants with IUGR decreased (GA <34 weeks) in comparison with more mature IUGR children, who had a “jump in growth” combined with an increase in the specific weight of adipose tissue in the body. At CA of 6 and 12 months in children, there was noted a convergence in the rate of growth of premature infants while maintaining significant differences between children with and without IUGR. The specific portion of the adipose tissue in IUGR infants (GA <34 weeks) remained elevated up to 6 months of CA, which is related to the peculiarities of their diet (increase in protein supplementation after the reaching the age of full terms).


Для цитирования:

For citation:

Refbacks

  • Refbacks are not listed


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN: (Print)
ISSN: (Online)