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ESTIMATION OF NUTRITION STRUCTURE IN THE SYSTEM OF HYGIENIC TRAINING OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS FOR HEALTHY NUTRITION


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Abstract

Data of the hygienic assessment of the nutritional structure of students in the age periods that are critical for the formation of proper eating behavior is presened. The purpose of the study was to study the structure, nutrition regimen, dietary habits in the family, the nature of the physical activity of students. The questionnaire “Study of medical and social reasons for the formation of deviations in health and diseases in children” was used. 70-80% of students in Moscow schools have been established to be at risk in terms of lifestyle factors, among which a significant factor is a nutrition. The structure of their nutrition is characterized by insufficient consumption of biologically valuable food in 27-70% of children. The diet of 20-40% of respondents is depleted in the content of fermented milk products, vegetables, and fruits. Children exclude first courses (68-70%), breakfast cereals, fish, vegetables (35-40%), oils and eggs (29%) from their meals at an educational institution. Most schoolchildren outside educational institutions consume foods that are not intended for children food: chips, fast food, confectionery, sweet carbonated drinks.


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