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IMPROVEMENT OF COMBINED MULTIMODAL ANESTHESIA FOR ABDOMINAL SURGICAL INTERVENTIONS IN CHILDREN


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Abstract

The aim of the study was to enhance the efficiency and safety of the combined methods of anesthesia using propofol and epidural anesthesia for the abdominal surgery in children by assessing the hemodynamic regulation of the heart rhythm and the clinical course of anesthesia. Materials and methods. We studied children aged of 1 to 14 years operated for diseases and malformations of the abdominal cavity. To ensure the anesthetic protection in 57% of affected children there was used combined epidural anesthesia by bupivacaine combined with propofol and fentanyl in cases from the 1 (main) group and in 43% of affected children there was applied the combined anesthesia by fentanyl and droperidol with lidocaine epidural anesthesia - 2 (control) groups. Results The results showed the relative stability of the patients providing adequate pain relief after the surgery in children. Use of a combination of drugs: early fentanyl analgesic effect develops, whereas propofol implements its action later, and provides a prolongation of analgesia. Propofol, fentanyl with epidural analgesia bupivacaine for analgesic effect appeared to be several times higher than methods of neuroleptanalgesia.


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