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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF DAGESTAN


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Abstract

Community-acquired pneumonia (AP) caused by infectious agents is a dangerous respiratory disease that can lead to death. This determines the relevance of the topic. Materials and methods. A descriptive epidemiological study was conducted: the analysis of the primary incidence of community-acquired pneumonia in children from 1 month of age up to 17 years. Results. The incidence of AP among children in 2014-2018 on the RD was 286.9 per 100 thousand children and adolescents. Among children aged 6 months up to 1 year, AP was detected in 599.9 per 100 thousand surveyed. The obtained data on the EAP show that this indicator throughout the country did not exceed the Russian level, as well as the level of AP morbidity in the North Caucasus Federal district. The analysis of infant mortality from respiratory diseases showed a decrease in its level from 0.5% in 2014 to 0.2% in 2018 in the whole RD, including in rural areas, there was a decrease in the mortality rate from pneumonia from 0.5% to 0.3%, in urban areas from 0.4% to 0.1% over the observed period. Conclusion. The established patterns may lead to the discovery of new diagnostic biomarkers of AP and bring us closer to its personalized therapy in children.


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