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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY IN CHILDREN UNDER DYNAMIC URBANIZATION CONDITIONS


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Abstract

Introduction. To optimize measures to improve neuro-traumatological care, it is necessary to rely on data from epidemiological studies. Materials and methods. There was performed a retrospective analysis of 2436 traumatic brain injury (TBI) cases in children aged 0-17 years, of which 1,443 (59.2%) were boys, 993 (40.8%) were girls. Results. In the Tyumen region for the period 2013-2019, the incidence of TBI in children remained relatively constant and its average value was 1.07 per 100,000 children. The most common head injury was found in male children patients to be of 1143 (59.2%). TBI among female children patients over 7 years decreased by 11.2%, and among male children patients increased by 10.9%. A sharp increase in head injury is observed in the first year of an infant life as much as 656 (26.9%) cases of head injury. The mortality rate from TBI in children was of 2.5 per 100,000 children, and the mortality rate accounted for 3.3 per 1000 children over the entire period. Conclusion. The analysis can allow conducting larger epidemiological studies, as well as to organize and improve the quality of care for TBI children patients.


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