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FEATURES OF WOMEN’S NUTRITION DURING LACTATION: WAYS TO OPTIMIZE


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Abstract

The optimal nutrition during pregnancy and lactation is extremely important for the health of both the mother and her infant. It allows realizing the «programming» potential of breastfeeding fully. The World Health Organization (WHO) emphasizes that to achieve better optimization of pregnant and lactating woman nutrition, it is necessary to enhance the introduction of relevant recommendations into practical work. The purpose of the current study is to analyze the results of a survey of women in Russia regarding their awareness of nutrition during lactation. Materials and methods. 1282 women of childbearing age (from 18 to 44 years old) from various regions of the Russian Federation took part in the survey. The questionnaire included 19 questions regarding the socio-demographic characteristics, duration of breastfeeding the nutritional features of women during breastfeeding, as well as the women’s opinions regarding the infant’s responses to changes in mother’s diet. The results of the study indicated that, despite the availability of recommendations coming from professional medical communities, no more than 30% of women received information about nutrition during breastfeeding from doctors. The Internet resources (non-medical websites and blogs) were shown to be the main source of knowledge about this issue (up to 60% of respondents). The results suggest from 30.2% to 42% of women in different age groups regularly to adhere to dietary recommendations. Whereas, they often had false ideas about «forbidden» and «allowed» foods. Thus, 30% of respondents noted nuts, jam, fresh vegetables, juice, fresh fruits as «forbidden» foods. Moreover, mothers with a first-born were significantly more likely to follow a diet compared to women with two (p < 0.001) and three or more children (p < 0.001). Conclusion. An analysis of the survey results showed that women have enough professional information about nutrition during lactation. Therefore, the work on the implementation of professional recommendations on nutrition for pregnant and lactating women should be intensified.


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