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NEUROLOGICAL SYNDROMES IN DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS OF CHILDREN WHO HAVE SUFFERED FROM PERINATAL HYPOXIA


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Abstract

The aim of the study. To establish the prevalence of clinical neurological syndromes in children suffered from perinatal hypoxia to optimize the analysis of the presence of neurological disorders in children and the prognosis of neurological deficits in the long-term period. Materials and methods. 419 patients aged from 1 to 6 months were examined, 2 age groups 1-3 and 4-6 months were identified. The psychomotor development of each subject was analyzed. Groups of mild, moderate, and severe lesions were identified. There was made a quantitative assessment of the severity of neuropsychic damage in infants .who suffered from perinatal hypoxia, with the identification of the boundaries of the formation of processes. Results. The neurological syndromes and their quantitative (point) characteristics were established depending on the degree of the CNS damage. Conclusions. Regardless of the age of infants, the prevalence of clinical neurological syndromes increased in proportion to the severity of hypoxic CNS lesions. Hyperexcitability and benign intracranial hypertension syndromes dominated in patients aged 1-3 months. In severe CNS lesions, motor development disorders and disorders of the autonomic nervous system were more often detected. Children aged 4-6 months were more likely to have motor development disorders.


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