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THE APPLICATION OF DOMESTIC SPECIALIZED MIXTURES FOR ENTERAL NUTRITION IN CHILDREN WITH BRONCHOPULMONARY PATHOLOGY


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Abstract

Adequately organized nutritional support allows avoiding the development of protein-energy malnutrition in patients with bronchopulmonary diseases and cystic fibrosis (CF). The satisfying of increased protein and energy needs of CF patients can only be implemented under the administration. The aim of the study is to analyze the tolerance and effectiveness of the use of domestic sterilized liquid specialized high-protein high-calorie mixtures «Nutrien Pulmo» and «Nutrien Energiya with Dietary Fibers» in children over three years of age with acute (pneumonia) and chronic (cystic fibrosis) forms of bronchopulmonary pathology. Patients and methods. Fifty-five children, including 41 patient suffered from CF, 14 cases with pneumonia, aged from 3 to 18years, were under observation. Of these, 23 (42%) children received Nutrien Pulmo, 32 (58%) children received Nutrien Energiya with Dietary Fibers. Nutritional status was assessed using the WHO-Anthro programs (for children from 3 to 5 years old) and WHO-Anthro Plus (for patients over five years) and clinical and biochemical blood test indices. The observation period was accounted for three weeks. Results. All patients highly appreciated the taste of the products, there were no refusals to take specialized mixtures, neither adverse events during the observation period. While taking specialized mixtures, there was a positive trend in anthropometric indices and a significant improvement in biochemical markers of nutritional status: an increase in prealbumin, total protein, transferrin level. Conclusion. The use of specialized domestic products «Nutrien Pulmo» and «Nutrien Energiya with Dietary Fibers» in the diet therapy of children with acute and chronic bronchopulmonary pathology has the safe and positive effect on the nutritional status of patients.


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